Watch our DIY tree protection video and read more tree care tips. It is sometimes called horse-chestnut, buckeye, conker tree, or Spanish chestnut. Many hybrids and pure Chinese trees do poorly if there is a warm period in the middle of winter they may lose their cold resistance and be damaged when the cold weather resumes. The tree's large, upright clusters of white flowers bloom in late spring and can be five to 12 inches tall. Chestnuts are a wonderful food and not just for squirrels. How fast do Conker trees grow… Back in the day, chestnuts were used as an alternative to starchy food and also used to make flour. How to grow your Horse Chestnut trees. ; Water well and place in a sheltered spot outside. Her little seed grew and grew and now, two years later, we have our very own horse chestnut tree. Conkers fall in September and October, depending on where you live. Chestnut trees require very little care after planting, but to grow the most aesthetically pleasing, nut-producing tree, a little early branch training will be needed. The horse chestnut leaf miner can occur on trees in huge numbers, causing the foliage to turn brown and fall early. This is a good way to start off a bonsai conker (horse chestnut) tree. Conkers leaves are greenish, but they are more coarse and large when compared to that of the sweet chestnut tree. Photo 8. Using only the conkers that sink, plant them about 2cm deep individually in pots of soil/compost, between now and the end of November. The growth rate of the horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) is considered to be of medium speed which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. Despite its common name, horse chestnut isn't closely related to true chestnut trees. It’s time-consuming and requires a number of steps. Place your conkers in a container of water, discard the ones that float these have dried out. The Horse Chestnuts grow in 1 year and make the conker tree. Gather twice as many horse chestnut conkers than you think you will need. The conker trees also produce fruits. PLANT A CONKER It has recently been reported in the news that Conker Trees (Horse Chestnut Trees) are under threat of extinction.This has been caused by moths - their larvae burrow into the leaves which turn them brown and therefore reduce the amount of food the tree can absorb through photosynthesis. When your sapling is ready to plant in the ground, follow our step by step planting guide . The word conker is used to call the nut like seed. “When we first planted chestnut trees, we didn’t have the best genetics,” Wahl says. Ensure adequate branch spacing by pinching or pruning off sucker branches that compete with the central trunk for height. Each panicle usually has around 1 to five fruit. It was only in the spring, when a beautiful leaf burst out of the pot, that she remembered what she’d planted. Aesculus hippocastanum, the horse chestnut, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.It is a large deciduous, synoecious (hermaphroditic-flowered) tree. Threats and conservation. Do I have to pierce a conker and then soak in water and then plant in sand and peat mixture and wait? Luckily it’s quite easy to tell a chestnut and conker apart. 'Conker' is a colloquial, or slang, word for chestnut. Gather chestnuts from the ground from a tree that has another chestnut tree nearby. Facts about Conker Trees 3: the fruit. Soil-less potting mixes with lots of composted bark is a good option. Ours is in a pot, for now, and the girls love to add it to their fairy garden like the Faraway Tree. Is there a specific way to germinate them and make sure they grow correctly? The chestnuts grow in a prickly green husk. Whereas the shell of the sweet chestnut is prickly, with finer points. Today though, chestnuts are mostly consumed in their raw or toasted form and often used in baking. In rare case, it may contain two or three nuts like seeds. Seeds should be placed on a warm, sunny window sill or in a greenhouse with a temperature of 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit. As your seeds start to grow, keep them sheltered during winter to protect them from frost. Oct 15, 2017 - This year has been a good year for conkers, as well as most other fruits and nuts, when we visited our local Horse Chestnut trees in October there was an abundance of spikey green shells hanging on tightly in the chilly north easterly wind, we collected about thirty beautiful, shiny brown nuggets that had fallen on the… In a study by ANSES on cases of confusion between plants recorded by French poison control centres from 2012 to 2018, confusion of horse chestnuts with sweet chestnuts After cold storage the chestnuts can be planted indoors around February and March. Inside the spiky capsule, you can find one horse chestnut or conker. Chestnuts: Growing the American Chestnut Tree Wiped out by blight in the early 20th century, resistant hybrids of the American chestnut tree are making a comeback. You can succeed at growing chestnuts by seed, but you’ll need some patience. They will grow when the spiky shell comes off the tree and when the shell gets red and gets broken. Chestnut trees have yellowish green leaves which are shiny, and they turn completely yellow during the fall. Leaves: Both the trees are deciduous. The conkers ripen in September and October. The scientific name of the horse chestnut tree is Aesculus hippocastanum. A chestnut from a lone tree is unlikely to germinate. Chestnut trees have been cultivated for thousands of years not just for their delicious nuts but also for the multitude of uses. It's native to Southeastern Europe but is grown in parks, landscaped areas, and gardens around the world. Click to see full answer Also know, can you grow a tree from a chestnut? Conker trees will require a position of full sun and planted in a well-drained, but moist, humus-rich soil. Conkers tend to be slightly bigger, too. The flowers of the chestnut tree produce a strong fragrance. Each conker contains one seed so you will need to gather 8 conkers if you want 4 trees, because not all the seeds that you start will germinate. 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