Late harvest may result in a loss of quality as plant stover (leaf and stalk) increase in fibre and become less digestible. Maize can be grown for two different needs; for grain and for forage. Maize is the distinctive phrase used for the form of crop whereas Corn is an alternate title launched later. Nigeria alone produces almost 8,000,000 tons of maize each year, with Africa harvesting a grand yearly total of almost thirty million hectares of field corn [3].. Maize is increasingly used as a feedstock for the production of ethanol fuel. Globally, maize is a staple crop, and many people rely on it as a primary source of nutrition. Maize req uires mor e nitrogen and pesticide s than many o ther crops, thus affect- ing its ene rgy balance. Corn, also known as maize, is one of the most popular grains in the world. Maize is the most important cereal crop in sub-Saharan Africa. Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. Dietary fibre. Whole corn is high in various nutrients, especially fiber and antioxidants. So they called it Indian corn, which later became corn. The complex carbohydrate content of the maize kernel comes from the pericarp and the tip cap, although it is also provided by the endosperm cell walls and to a … Many scholars hold that maize was entirely a different plant than the present genetically altered crop we harvest. In addition to playing a major role in the human diet, maize is also used as livestock fodder. For the English settlers in the New World, maize was a new crop and they lacked a proper word to call maize. Maize is processed to make an assortment of products ranging from high fructose corn syrup to biofuels, all of which play important roles in human society. In 2014, total world production was 1.04 billion tonnes. The green fodder contains 1.56 per cent protein, 0.30 per cent fat, and 5.27 per cent fibre. After carbohydrates, proteins and fats, dietary fibre is the chemical component found in the greatest amounts. Please Note: Bulletins giving further details on the harvesting and storage of wet and dry maize crops are available. Maize is the most widely grown grain crop throughout the Americas, with 361 million metric … In Sub-Saharan Africa, maize is consumed by 50 percent of the population and is the preferred food for one-third of all malnourished children and 900 million poor people worldwide. Providing both a food source to the general food supply by means of sweetcorn, as well as the option of the whole crop being chopped and used for animal feeds, maize is a diverse plant and can be beneficial for growers across the country, including those of livestock holdings. Dry crops are also difficult to compact properly. Maize, which was domesticated in central Mexico around 1500 BC, was introduced into Africa around 1500 AD, and spread to every corner of the continent within a relatively short period and is now Africa’s most important cereal crop. Today, maize is the most important food crop in Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, and is a key Asian crop. Maize is a time interval that is utilized for the plant which is not cooked or nonetheless raw on the branches of the cob whereas corn is the phrase which is used for the maize which has been cooked and in a position to eat. It is a staple food for those living in Sub-Saharan Africa. 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