Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. The actual battle reports of the commanders involved in the Siege of Fort Macon are reprinted here. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. 649 were here. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Being For the Most Part Contributions by Union and Confederate Officers, 4 Volumes, (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1956). Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, welcoming more than 1 million visitors each year. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open. Twenty-six vaulted rooms (also called casements) are enclosed by outer walls that are 4.5 feet (1.4 m) thick. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Available at Fort Macon Bookstore and at bookstores in Morehead City/Beaufort Area, Paul Branch, Fort Macon, A History (Charleston, SC: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1999) The definitive history of the Fort. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. By 1825, storms and the shifting inlet had washed away some 200 yards of beach, including Fort Hampton. Most trails, restrooms, playgrounds, and several boat ramps are open. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. Fort Macon is waiting for you! Col. Moses J. Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. Shore erosion and a hurricane in 1825 were responsible for sweeping Fort Hampton into Beaufort Inlet by 1825. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. This ambitious undertaking involved the construction of thirty-eight new, permanent coastal forts known as the Third System. One Federal killed, three wounded. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). Often, an ordnance sergeant acting as a caretaker was the only person stationed by the Army at the fort. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of Company C, First Artillery, during the siege and reduction of Fort Macon: As you are aware, I was ordered to leave my light battery at New Berne and report to you with three Parrot 30-pounder guns as part of the siege train for the reduction of Fort Macon, and that they did their work well the sequel has proved. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. Bathroom facilities were outside the fort. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location from which a fort might guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet. For detailed information about the history of Fort Macon, visit the Friends of Fort Macon Website at www There are no equipment rentals and concessions available. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. ), The Histories of Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War; Written by Members of the Respective Commands, 5 Volumes (Raleigh and Goldsboro: Nash Brothers, 1901). Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. On the beach were four 155 mm seacoast guns, later replaced by 2 6-inch navy guns, mounted on concrete platforms. Seven Confederates were killed, eighteen wounded. 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. Battle damage was repaired and the Federals made certain they installed mortars for defense, so they would not repeat the mistake of the Confederates. The wall of the covertway (counterscarp wall) is 12 to 15 feet high. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. Fort Macon State Park. Separating the two is the “Ditch,” the bottom of which is near mean low tide level. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. Check out our regularly or seasonally available activities below. Parke’s men captured Morehead City and Beaufort without resistance, then landed on Bogue Banks during March and April to operate against Fort Macon. Active garrisons occupied Fort Macon in 1834-36, 1842-44, and 1848-49. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. These men were both Northerners, so the local newspapers thought it humorous that two more “Yankees” had been gotten by a Confederate cannon ball some 80 years after the battle. Finally, in 1903, the U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort. The purple-gray stone used for stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone. Gen. John G. Parke was sent to capture Fort Macon. History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. 9:00am to 5:00pm Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. Named in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a United States congressman and senator and a leading early-republic statesman of North Carolina, Fort Macon was built after the War of 1812 to defend America and North Carolina from I haven't been here in years. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. Burnside allowed the garrison members to return home on parole until exchanged. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. The War of 1812 demonstrated the weakness of existing coastal defenses and prompted the United States government into beginning construction on an improved chain of coastal fortifications for national defense. For more information on (Submitted on June 1, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … Only one man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the fort at the time. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. For campgrounds with 24-hour access, please observe the Night-Time Public Closure Period guidelines and do not leave the campground between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. Cost of construction was $463,790. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. 8.C.1 - Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. Indeed, Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747, and again by the British in 1782. 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